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If you are a native English speaker, you might be used to genderless nouns and one of the things you have to get familiar with, when learning Spanish, is that Spanish nouns have gender. For example, dog in English can be male or female, so if you say, I have a dog the receiver of the message will only know that you have a dog but not the gender of the dog.

In Spanish, perro is a male dog and perra is a female dog, so if you say tengo un perro, the receiver of the message knows you have a male dog.

I’m not a Spanish professor or something like that, so I don’t pretend describe all the rules that will help you identify the gender of a noun in Spanish, however, one of the most common ones is that generally nouns ending in “a” are feminine nouns; just be careful with this rule, you may end up making these funny mistakes.

 

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